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    The basic principles about the knee X-ray examination.

    Radiology Expert
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    X-Knee- Introduction

    An X-ray examination of the knee can be used both in cases of suspected acute pathology (in particular fracture) and chronic pathology (including osteoarthritis).
    Some of the key topics are tibial plateau fracture, osteochondritis dissecans and patellar instability.
    Prior to this module, it is wise to read the Fracture General Principles module.

    This module consists of the components indication/technique, normal anatomy, checklist and pathology.

    • Tibial Plateau Fracture
    • Patellar fracture
    • Intercondylar Eminence Fracture
    • Segond Fracture
    • Osgood-Schlatter disease
    • Patellar Instability
    • Osteochondritis dissecans
    • Osteoarthritis
    Normal anatomy X-knee Normal anatomy X-knee
    Click image to see overlay


    Learn everything about X-Knee

    Buy a single module for €2,50 or all modules for €25 per year.
    Literature: sources and author

    Text & Illustrations

    drs.A. van der Plas, MSK radiologist Maastricht UMC+

    • B.J. Manaster et al. The Requisites – Musculoskeletal Imaging. 2007
    • N. Raby et al. Accident & Emergency Radiology – A Survival Guide. 2005.
    • K.L. Bontrager, J.P. Lampignano. Textbook of Radiographic Positioning and Related Anatomy. 2014 (8th edition)
    • W. Fischer et al. MRI-essentials.com – An illustrated atlas of orthopedic MRI (2014)
    • B. Keegan Markhardt et al.Schatzker Classification of Tibial Plateau Fractures: Use of CT and MR Imaging Improves Assessment; RadioGraphics (2009)
    • N. Shabshin et al. MRI criteria for patella alta and baja; Skeletal Radiology (2004)
    • Ferris M. Hall, M.D. Radiographic Diagnosis and Accuracy in Knee Joint Effusions; Radiology (1975)
    • Duke G. Pao, MD. The Lateral Femoral Notch Sign; Radiology (2001)
    • C.J. Gottsegen et al. Avulsion Fractures of the Knee: Imaging Findings and Clinical Significance;  RadioGraphics (2008)
    • G. Diederichs et al. MR Imaging of Patellar Instability: Injury Patterns and Assessment of Risk Factors; RadioGraphics (2010)


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